Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) and Internet Protocol Camera (IP Camera) surveillance of public areas, such as car parks, housing estates and town centres is increasingly commonplace.
• Monitoring public areas to detect incidents and to coordinate police responses. CCTV is also used as an aid for enforcing exclusion orders (where an offender is barred from an area) - see box opposite.
• Recording events for use as evidence and to inform investigations.
• Directed surveillance of suspected offenders.
• Deterrence of criminal activity.